Educational footpath

Start on Dedovka:- Educational footpath Veľká Rača

Start in Oščadnica – Dedovke, in front of the information board Educational Footpath Veľká Rača. It is from here that a medium difficult natural sciences – protection self-service educational footpath starts. Total time needed after stepping onto the trail and reaching the final station on the summit of Veľká Rača, with a total 630 metre elevation gain, is roughly 4 hours. It is accessible in summer and winter and in places follows a marked hiking trail. On each of the 6 stations there is an information board giving brief information about the territory. More detailed descriptions are in the Educational footpath guidebook.
So, don’t hang about, get on with it.

pohlad_z_kycery pohlad_z_cadce pohlad_z_rozhladne

Protected Landscape Kysuce

The Protected Landscape Territory Kysuce with a total area of 654. 62 km2 is one of the largest protected areas in Slovakia. It was announced in 1984 for the purpose of preserving and enhancing the natural and landscape values of a balanced forestry and agricultural countryside with typically scattered settlements. Some of the preserved, interesting, and precious parts of the animate and inanimate nature were declared a small-scale protected area (MCHÚ) and because of their importance were given the necessary territorial protection. In total there are 16 in the whole CHKO.

  • NPR (National Natural Reservation) Veľká Rača
  • NPR Veľký Javorník
  • NPR Malý Polom
  • PR (Natural Reservation) Čertov
  • PR Hričovec
  • PR Polkova
  • PR Klokočovské skálie
  • PR Veľký Polom
  • PR Čierna Lutiša
  • PR Klubinský potok
  • PR Zajačkova lúka
  • PR Javorinka
  • PP (Natural landmark) Korňanský ropný prameň
  • PP Vychylovské prahy
  • PP Vychylovské skálie
  • CHA (Protected area) Chmúra

The Administration for CHKO Kysuce is in Čadca
Štátna ochrana prírody SR
Správa CHKO Kysuce
U Tomali č. 1511
022 01 Čadca
tel.: 041/433 56 06-7
fax: 041/433 56 08
e- mail:

Location 1. - Settlements

The first settlers in the territory of upper Kysucé were Walachs. These herders from the East Carpathians came here at the turn of the 16th century. There main activity was raising sheep and cattle, and making dairy products and treating wool and leather.

By building new villages, chopping down trees and clearing forests they gained more new pastures for their livestock. Later with the arrival of growing crops they built terraced plots and fields. In doing so they distinctly affected the original untouched landscape and suppressed its individual character. Today, there are only a few hills that are evidence of this. The Walach colonisation from the 16th to 17th centuries little by little created villages in the true scattered hillside fashion. The first Walach settlement below Veľká Rača is remembered by the name “Diedowa” in archived documents dating from 1540. From this name it is likely that other local names came into being: Zadedová, Dedová a Dedovka. Later villages take their names from their founders (Vojtuši, Grófovia, Moskáli).

Location 2. - Forests

Originally this land was covered by widespread spruce, fir and beech forests. Gradually, with the growth of settling, part of this forest gave way to pastures and farm land, part later changed to a more spruce mono-culture. Forests are one of the basic parts of landscape environment. They form suitable living conditions for numerous types of plants and animals. Due to their ability to be renewed they are also a constant source of wood. Originally, fir and beech were maintained only in hard to access places and today they can be found only on small areas beneath the main Veľká Rača ridge. On the summit parts of Veľká Rača there are also some sporadic groups of rowan and pine.

Location 3. - Recreation

The area’s morphology and its landscape provide many possibilities for summer and mainly winter recreation and hiking which have all played a large part over the past few years in making the Kysucé region more visible. However, from a point of view of protection of the countryside and landscape they also bring with them many negative features. Large numbers of tourists and people looking for recreation activities, but in the main the building of recreational buldings with no concept whatsoever and lately the explosion in the numbers of motorbikes, quadbikes, and in winter skidoos, not riding on designated trails are all posing a direct threat to the still preserved natural complex, which is having a negative influence on the ground cover (erosion), and fauna and flora of the area.

Location 4. - National Landscape Reservation Veľká Rača

It was announced in 1976, with an area of 313 hectares, along with a protective belt of 197 hectares, to protect the last large preserved forestry complex in the Kysucké Beskydy. It mainly covers lowland beech and fir and pine. Rare animals found here are: northern birch mouse, water pipit, Eurasian three-toed woodpecker, Eurasian pygmy owl, western capercaillie, brown bear, wolf and Eurasian lynx. Rare types of plant are: snowbell, bluebell, deer fern, willow gentian, alpine coltsfoot and other mountain types. The highest level of protection, fifth, is in place on the whole area of the National Landscape Reservation.

Location 5. - Geology of the territory

The territory of the Veľká Rača massif belongs to the western section of the Magurské flysch belt. It is made up mainly by Zlin strata - Kýčer strata with a prevalence of fine sands, less claystones and Oščadnica strata with green-grey clays, arkose and flint sands, and early up to middle eocene Rača elements. On this bedrock, influenced by weathering and vegetation, developed typical soil of forested belts – brown forest soil. On account of differing permeability of the rock and despite abundant rainfall the territory does not show any great amounts of subterranean water. There is also evidence of pseudocarst elements – Small rocky hole (Malá skalná diera) (9 m long) and Big rocky hole (Veľká skalná diera) (22 m long 22 m), unique in the whole Kysucé area. The geological foundations, more or less, shared in the formation of the forestry, plant and animal communities.

Location 6. - Veľká Rača 1,236 above sea level

You are standing at one and the same time on the highest peak in the Kysucké Beskydy and in Kysucé - Veľká Rača. The morphology of the area is very distinct with a massive mountain spine on an east west direction right up to the border with Poland where it reaches its highest elevation at 1,236 above sea level. The summit is also the highest small-scale protected area (National Natural Reservation) in the CHKO KYSUCE. The main ridge forms the important european Danube – Vistula watershed. If the weather is good there are excellent views from the summit.

SZ: Cultural landscape, in the background Moravsko - sliezske Beskydy
SV: Beskydský National Park – display of countryside landscape in Poland. In the background Pilsko 1,557 above sea level and Babia hora 1,725 above sea level
JV: Veľký Rozsutec 1,610 above sea level in the Little Fatra, in the background Western Tatras - Roháče.


Bobsleigh track - Alpincoaster
Bungee trampoline
Kids' rope park
Cllimbing wall   

Mountain scooters 

Downhill bike ride
Karolšus - ride on rope  
Cableway Dedovka
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